We have published dozens of articles in international journals including ScienceConservation Biology, Biological ConservationPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: B, and Journal of Applied Ecology.

Publication highlights


Bland L., Regan, T.J., Keith, D., Murray, N., Rodriguez, J.P., Rowland, J., Linn, M., Lester, R. and Nicholson, E. (in press) Defining ecosystem collapse for risk assessment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Bland, L.M., Regan, T.J., Dinh, M.N., Ferrari, R., Keith, D.A., Lester, R., Mouillot, D., Murray, N.J., Nguyen, H.A. & Nicholson, E. (2017) Using multiple lines of evidence to assess the risk of ecosystem collapse. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 [link]

Pettorelli, N., Schulte to Bühne, H., Tulloch, A., Dubois, G., Macinnis-Ng, C., Queirós, A.M., Keith, D.A., Wegmann, M., Schrodt, F., Stellmes, M., Sonnenschein, R., Geller, G.N., Roy, S., Somers, B., Murray, N., Bland, L., Geijzendorffer, I., Kerr, J.T., Broszeit, S., Leitão, P.J., Duncan, C., El Serafy, G., He, K.S., Blanchard, J.L., Lucas, R., Mairota, P., Webb, T.J. & Nicholson, E (2017) Satellite remote sensing of ecosystem functions: opportunities, challenges and way forward. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, in press [link]

Bland, L.M., 2017. Global correlates of extinction risk in freshwater crayfish. Animal Conservation [link].

Darrah, S.E., Bland, L.M., Bachman, S.P., Clubbe, C.P. and Trias‐Blasi, A., 2017. Using coarse‐scale species distribution data to predict extinction risk in plants. Diversity and Distributions23(4), pp.435-447 [link].

Bland, L.M., Bielby, J., Kearney, S., Orme, C.D.L., Watson, J.E. and Collen, B., 2017. Toward reassessing data‐deficient species. Conservation Biology31(3), pp.531-539 [link].

Griffiths, S.R., Rowland, J.A., Briscoe, N.J., Lentini, P.E., Handasyde, K.A., Lumsden, L.F. and Robert, K.A. (2017) Surface reflectance drives nest box temperature profiles and thermal suitability for target wildlife. PLOS ONE [link]

Rowland, J.A, Briscoe, N.J. and Handasyde, K.A. (2017) Comparing the thermal suitability of nest-boxes and tree-hollows for conservation-management of arboreal marsupials. Biological Conservation, 209, 341-348 [link]

Vince, J., Brierley, E., Stevenson, S. & Dunstan, P. 2017. Ocean governance in the South Pacific region: Progress and plans for action. Marine Policy, 79, 40-45 [link].

Lee, C. K. F., Duncan, C., Owen, H. J. F., & Pettorelli, N. (2017). A New Framework to Assess Relative Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change. Conservation Letters. [link]

Bunnefeld, N., Nicholson, E., & Milner-Gulland, E. (Eds.). (2017). Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938 [link]

Nicholson, E., Fulton, E., & Collen, B. (2017). Linking Biodiversity Indicators with Global Conservation Policy. In N. Bunnefeld, E. Nicholson, & E. Milner-Gulland (Eds.), Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology, pp. 182-195). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938.009 (email for pdf)

Burgass, M.J., Halpern, B.S., Nicholson, E. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2017) Navigating uncertainty in environmental composite indicators. Ecological Indicators, 75, 268-278 [link]

Davies, H.F., McCarthy, M.A., Firth, R.S.C., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Gillespie, G.R., Andersen, A.N., Geyle, H.M., Nicholson, E. & Murphy, B.P. (2017) Top-down control of species distributions: feral cats driving the regional extinction of a threatened rodent in northern Australia. Diversity and Distributions, in press [link].

Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez, J.P. & Bedward, M. (2017) The use of range size to assess risks to biodiversity from stochastic threats. Diversity and Distributions, 23(5):474-483 [link].

Southwell D., Tingley R., Bode M., Nicholson E. & Phillips B. (2017) Cost and feasibility of a barrier to halt the spread of invasive cane toads in arid Australia: incorporating expert knowledge into model-based decision-making. Journal of Applied Ecology: 54, 216–224 [link]


Watermeyer, K.E., Hutchings, L., Jarre, A. and Shannon, L.J., 2016. Patterns of distribution and spatial indicators of ecosystem change based on key species in the Southern Benguela. PloS one11(7), p.e0158734 [link].

Bland, L.M. and Böhm, M., 2016. Overcoming data deficiency in reptiles. Biological Conservation204, pp.16-22 [link].

Bland, L. and Collen, B., 2016. Species loss: lack of data leaves a gap. Nature537(7621), pp.488-488 [link].

Beattie, A., Bland, L., Collen, B. and Schiermeier, Q., 2016. Research Highlights Ecology: Rats and cats drive extinctions. Conservation biology.

Böhm, M., Williams, R., Bramhall, H.R., McMillan, K.M., Davidson, A.D., Garcia, A., Bland, L.M., Bielby, J. and Collen, B., 2016. Correlates of extinction risk in squamate reptiles: the relative importance of biology, geography, threat and range size. Global Ecology and Biogeography25(4), pp.391-405 [link].

Murray, N.J., Miller, R.M., Zager, I., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Esteves, R., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A. and Rodríguez, J.P., 2016. Introduction to the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria: course manual [link].

Bland, L.M., Keith, D.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J. and Rodríguez, J.P., 2016. Guidelines for the application of IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria, version 1.0. Gland, Switzerland [link].

Costelloe B.T., Collen B., Milner-Gulland E.J., Craigie I.D., McRae L., Rondinini C. & Nicholson E. (2016) Global biodiversity indicators reflect the modelled impacts of protected area policy change. Conservation Letters, 9 (1): 14-20 [link].

Wallace APC, Jones JPG, Milner-Gulland E.J., Wallace GE, Young R & Nicholson E (2016) Drivers of the Distribution of Fisher Effort at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. Human Ecology: 1-13 [link]

Collen B., McRae L., Nicholson E., Craigie I.D., Milner-Gulland E.J., Loh J. & Whitmee S. (2016). Species population trends in protected areas. In: Protected areas: are they safeguarding biodiversity? (eds. Joppa L., Robinson J. & Baillie J.E.M.). pp 105-121. Wiley-Blackwell Cambridge, United Kingdom [link].


Nicholson E. (2015) Accounting for career breaks. Science, 348, 830 [link]

Wallace APC, Milner-Gulland E.J., Jones JPG, Bunnefeld N, Young R & Nicholson E (2015) Quantifying the short-term costs of conservation interventions for fishers at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. PLoS One, 10(6): e0129440 [link]

Bland, L.M., Orme, C.D.L., Bielby, J., Collen, B., Nicholson, E. & McCarthy, M.A. (2015) Cost-effective assessment of extinction risk with limited information. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12459. [link]

Nicholson E., Regan T.J., Auld T.D., Burns E., Chisholm L.A., English V., Harris S., Harrison P., Kingsford R.T., Leishman M.R., Metcalfe D.J., Pisanu P., Watson C.J., White M., White M.D., Williams R.J., Wilson B. & Keith D.A. (2015). Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology40 (4): 347–363 [link], part of a special issue, Ecosystem risk assessment.

Keith, D.A., Rodríguez, J.P., Brooks, T.M., Burgman, M.A., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L., Comer, P.J., Franklin, J., Link, J., McCarthy, M.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J., Nel, J., Nicholson, E., Olivera-Miranda, M.A., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Rouget, M. & Spalding, M.D. (2015) The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: motivations, challenges and applications. Conservation letters, in press [link].

Rodríguez, J.P., Keith, D.A., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Murray, N.J., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Miller, R.M., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L.M., Boe, K., Brooks, T.M., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A., Spalding, M. & Wit, P. (2015) A practical guide to the application of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society B, 370: 20140003, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0003 [link].


Collen B. & Nicholson E. (2014). Taking the measure of change. Science, 346, 166-167 [link]

Bland, L. M., Collen, B., Orme, C. D. L. and Bielby, J. (2014) Predicting the conservation status of Data Deficient species, Conservation Biology (early view).

Nicholson E., Regan T.J., Auld T.D., Burns E., Chisholm L.A., English V., Harris S., Harrison P., Kingsford R.T., Leishman M.R., Metcalfe D.J., Pisanu P., Watson C.J., White M., White M.D., Williams R.J., Wilson B. & Keith D.A. (2014). Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology, in press [link].

Whitehead A.L., Kujala H., Ives C.D., Gordon A., Lentini P.E., Wintle B.A., Nicholson E. & Raymond C.R. (2014) Integrating biological and social values when prioritizing places for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology28 (4): 992–1003 [link]

Blamey, L.K., Shannon, L.J., Bolton, J.J., Crawford, R.J., Dufois, F., Evers-King, H., Griffiths, C.L., Hutchings, L., Jarre, A., Rouault, M. and Watermeyer, K.E., 2015. Ecosystem change in the southern Benguela and the underlying processes. Journal of Marine Systems144, pp.9-29 [link].

Moloney, C.L., Fennessy, S.T., Gibbons, M.J., Roychoudhury, A., Shillington, F.A., Von der Heyden, B.P. and Watermeyer, K., 2013. Reviewing evidence of marine ecosystem change off South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science35(3), pp.427-448 [link].


Keith D.A., Rodríguez J.P., Rodríguez-Clark K.M., Nicholson E., Aapala K., Alonso A., Asmussen M., Bachman S., Bassett A., Barrow E.G., Benson J.S., Bishop M.J., Bonifacio R., Brooks T.M., Burgman M.A., Comer P., Comín F.A., Essl F., Faber-Langendoen D., Fairweather P.G., Holdaway R.J., Jennings M., Kingsford R.T., Lester R.E., Mac Nally R., McCarthy M.A., Moat J., Oliveira-Miranda M.A., Pisanu P., Poulin B., Regan T.J., Riecken U., Spalding M.D. & Zambrano-Martínez S. (2013) Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. PLoS ONE, 8(5): e62111 [link]

Nicholson E., Lindenmayer D.B., Frank K. & Possingham H.P. (2013). Testing the focal species approach to conservation planning for species persistence. Diversity and Distributions, 19 (5-6): 530–540 [link]

Ponce-Reyes, R., Nicholson, E., Baxter, P., Fuller, R.A. & Possingham, H.P. (2013) Extinction risk in cloud forest fragments under climate change and habitat loss. Diversity & Distributions, 19 (5-6): 518–529 [link].


Bland, L. M., Collen, B., Orme, C. D. L. and Bielby, J. (2012) Data uncertainty and the selectivity of extinction risk in freshwater invertebrates, Diversity & Distributions 18(12) 1211-1220.

Nicholson, E., Collen, B., Barausse, A., Blanchard, J. L., Costelloe, B. T., Sullivan, K. M. E., Underwood, F. M., Burn, R. W., Fritz, S., Jones, J. P. G., McRae, L., Possingham, H. P. & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2012) Robust policy decisions with global biodiversity indicators. PLoS One, 7(7): e41128 [link]

Rodríguez, J. P., K. M. Rodríguez-Clark, D. A. Keith, E. G. Barrow, J. Benson, E. Nicholson and P. Wit (2012) IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. S.A.P.I.EN.S [Online] 5.2

Schlüter M., McAllister R.R.J., Arlinghaus R., Bunnefeld N., Eisenack K., Hölker F., Milner-Gulland E.J., Müller B., Nicholson E., Quaas M. & Stöven M. (2012). New horizons for managing the environment: A review of coupled social-ecological systems modeling. Natural Resource Modeling, 25 (1), 219-272 [link].


Gibbons J.M., Nicholson E., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Jones J.P.G. (2011). Should payments for biodiversity conservation be based on action or results? Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 1218-1226 [link].

De Ornellas P., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Nicholson E. (2011). The impact of data realities on conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 144, 1980–1988 [link].

Rodriguez J.P., Rodriguez-Clark K.M., Baillie J.E.M., Ash N., Benson J., Boucher T., Brown C., Burgess N., Collen B., Jennings M., Keith D.A., Nicholson E., Revenga C., Reyers B., Rouget M., Smith T., Spalding M., Taber A., Walpole M., Zager I. & Zamin T. (2011). Establishing IUCN Red List Criteria for threatened ecosystems. Conservation Biology, 25, 21-29. [link]


Jones J.P.G., Collen B., Atkinson G., Baxter P., Bubb P., Illian J., Katzner T., Keane A., Loh J., Macdonald-Madden E., Nicholson E., Pereira H., Possingham H.P., Pullin A., Rodrigues A.S.L., Viviana Ruiz-Gutierrez V., Sommerville M. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2010). The why, what and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 Target. Conservation Biology, 25, 450–457. [link]

Guillera-Arroita G., Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Monitoring and conservation of the critically endangered Alaotran gentle lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 5, 29-35 [link]

Guillera-Arroita, G., Lahoz-Monfort, J.J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Young, R.P. & Nicholson, E. (2010) Evaluating occupancy for monitoring the Critically Endangered Alaotran gentle lemur (Hapalemur alaotrensis). Endangered Species Research, 11:157-166 [link].

Hays, G.C., Fossette, S., Katselidis, K.A., Schofield, G. & Gravenor, M.B. (2010) Breeding periodicity for male sea turtles, operational sex ratios, and implications in the face of climate change. Conservation Biology, 24(6), 1636-1643 doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01531.x. [link]

Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Guillera-Arroita G., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Satellite imagery as a single source of predictor variables for habitat suitability modelling: how Landsat can inform the conservation of a critically endangered lemur. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 1094-1102. [link]


Nicholson E., Mace G.M., Armsworth P.R., Atkinson G., Buckle S., Clements T., Ewers R.M., Fa J.E., Gardner T.A., Gibbons J., Grenyer R., Metcalfe R., Mourato S., Muuls M., Osborn D., Reuman D.C., Watson C. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2009). Priority research areas for ecosystem services in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1139-1144.[link]

Nicholson E., D. A. Keith, and D. S. Wilcove (2009) Assessing the threat status of ecological communities. Conservation Biology, 23 (2): 259-274. [link]

Nicholson E. & O. Ovaskainen (2009) Conservation prioritization using metapopulation models. pp 110-121, in Spatial conservation prioritisation: quantitative methods and computational tools (eds. Moilanen A, Possingham HP & Wilson KA). Oxford University Press, Oxford. [email for a pdf]


Beissinger, S., E. Nicholson & H.P. Possingham (2008) Application of population viability analysis to landscape conservation planning. In: Models For Planning Wildlife Conservation In Large Landscapes (eds. Millspaugh JJ & Thompson FR). Elsevier Science, The Netherlands [email for a pdf]


Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2007) Making conservation decisions under uncertainty for the persistence of multiple species. Ecological Applications 17 (1): 251-265. [link]

Possingham, H. P., and E. Nicholson (2007). Principles of landscape design that emerge from a formal problem-solving approach. Pages 520-535 in D. B. Lindenmayer, and R. J. Hobbs, editors. Managing and designing landscapes for conservation: moving from perspectives to principles. Blackwell, Malden, MA. [email for a pdf]


Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2006) Objectives for multiple species conservation planning. Conservation Biology 20 (3): 871-881. [link]

Nicholson E., M. I. Westphal, K. Frank , W. A. Rochester, R. L. Pressey, D. Lindenmayer & H. P. Possingham (2006) A new method for conservation planning for the persistence of multiple species. Ecology Letters 9 (9): 1049-1060. [link]


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