We have published articles in international journals including ScienceConservation Biology, Biological ConservationPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: B, and Journal of Applied Ecology.

Publication highlights


Nicholson, E., Watermeyer, K.E., Rowland, J.A., Sato, C.F., Stevenson, S.L., Andrade, A., Brooks, T.M., Burgess, N.D., Cheng, S.-T., Grantham, H.S., Hill, S.L., Keith, D.A., Maron, M., Metzke, D., Murray, N.J., Nelson, C.R., Obura, D., Plumptre, A., Skowno, A.L., Watson, J.E.M. (2021) Scientific foundations for an ecosystem goal, milestones and indicators for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Nature Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01538-5. link

Rowland, J.M., Bland, L.M., Simon, J. and Nicholson E., (2021) A guide to representing variability and uncertainty in biodiversity indicators. Conservation Biology, in press, DOI:10.1111/cobi.13699. link available soon

M.M., Young M., Carnell P., Macreadie P.I., Lovelock C., Nicholson E., Raimondi P.T., Wedding L.M. & Ierodiaconou D. (2021) Estimating blue carbon sequestration under coastal management scenarios. Science of The Total Environment, 145962. link

Xiao, H., Chadès, I., Hill, N., Murray, N., Fuller, R.A. and McDonald-Madden, E. (2021), Conserving migratory species while safeguarding ecosystem services. Ecological Modelling 442, 109442. link

Bergstrom, D.M., Wienecke, B.C., van den Hoff, J., Hughes, L., Lindenmayer, D.B., Ainsworth, T.D., Baker, C.M., Bland, L., Bowman, D.M.J.S., Brooks, S.T., Canadell, J.G., Constable, A.J., Dafforn, K.A., Depledge, M.H., Dickson, C.R., Duke, N.C., Helmstedt, K.J., Holz, A., Johnson, C.R., McGeoch, M.A., Melbourne‐Thomas, J., Morgain, R., Nicholson, E., Prober, S.M., Raymond, B., Ritchie, E.G., Robinson, S.A., Ruthrof, K.X., Setterfield, S.A., Sgrò, C.M., Stark, J.S., Travers, T., Trebilco, R., Ward, D.F.L., Wardle, G.M., Williams, K.J., Zylstra, P.J. and Shaw, J.D. (2021), Combating ecosystem collapse from the tropics to the Antarctic. Glob Change Biol. link

Moallemi E. A., de Haan F. J., Hadjikakou M., Khatami S., Malekpour S., Smajgl A., Stafford Smith M., Voinov A., Bandari R., Lamichhane P., Miller K.K., Nicholson E., Novalia W., Ritchie E.G., Rojas A.M., Shaikh M.A., Szetey K. & Bryan B.A. (2021) Evaluating participatory modelling methods for co‐creating pathways to sustainability. Earth’s Future, 9, e2020EF001843. link

Xiao, H., Chadès, I., Hill, N., Murray, N., Fuller, R.A. and McDonald-Madden, E. (2021), Conserving migratory species while safeguarding ecosystem services. Ecological Modelling 442, 109442. link

Rowland J.A., Bland L.M., James S. Nicholson E. (2021), A guide to representing variability and uncertainty in biodiversity indicators. Conservation Biology in press. link

Czúcz B, Keith H, Driver A, Jackson B, Nicholson E, Maes J (2021) A common typology for ecosystem characteristics and ecosystem condition variables. One Ecosystem 6: e58218. link

Nicholson E., Rowland J. A., Sato C.F., Stevenson S., Watermeyer K.E., Andrade A., Brooks T.M. , Burgess N.D., Grantham H., Hill S., Keith D.A., Maron M., Metzke D., Murray N.J., Nelson C.R., Plumptre A., Skowno A.L. & Watson J.E.M. (in review) Scientific foundations for an ecosystem goal, milestones and indicators for the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. download pdf

Nicholson E., Rowland J. A., Sato C.F., Stevenson S., & Watermeyer K.E. (2020). A review of potential metrics to support an ecosystem goal and action targets in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Unpublished report. Deakin University, Australia; IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. download pdf

Keith H, Czúcz B, Jackson B, Driver A, Nicholson E, Maes J (2020) A conceptual framework and practical structure for implementing ecosystem condition accounts. One Ecosystem 5: e58216. link

Chen Y-J, Nicholson E. & Cheng S-T. (2020) Using machine learning to understand the implications of meteorological conditions for fish kills. Scientific Reports 10, 17003. link


Burgass, MJ, Larrosa, C, Tittensor, DP, Arlidge, WNS, Caceres, H, Camaclang, A, Hampton, S, McLaverty, C, Nicholson, E, Muposhi, VK, Pinto, CM, Rowland, JA, Stevenson, SL, Watermeyer, KE & Milner-Gulland, EJ 2020, ‘Three Key considerations for biodiversity conservation in multilateral agreements’, Conservation Letters, vol. n/a, no. n/a, p. e12764.

de Lima, D.O., Banks‐Leite, C., Lorini, M.L., Nicholson, E. and Vieira, M.V. (2020), Anthropogenic effects on the occurrence of medium‐sized mammals on the Brazilian Pampa biome. Animal Conservation, in press. doi:10.1111/acv.12618

Stevenson S.L., Watermeyer K., Caggiano G., Fulton E.A., Ferrier S. and Nicholson E. (2020) Matching biodiversity indicators to policy needs. Conservation Biology, in press. doi:10.1111/cobi.13575

Watermeyer K.E., Guillera‐Arroita G., Bal P., Burgass M.J., Bland L.M., Collen B., Hallam C., Kelly L.T., McCarthy M.A., Regan T.J., Stevenson S., Wintle B.A. and Nicholson E. (2020) Using decision science to evaluate global biodiversity indices. Conservation Biology, in press. doi:10.1111/cobi.13574

Maes J, Driver A, Czúcz B, Keith H, Jackson B, Nicholson E, Dasoo M (2020) A review of ecosystem condition accounts: lessons learned and options for further development. One Ecosystem 5: e53485.

Rowland J.A., Lee C.K.F., Bland L.M., Nicholson E. (2020) Testing the performance of ecosystem indices for biodiversity monitoring. Ecological Indicators 116, 106453. [link]

Lee C.K., Nicholson E., Duncan C. and Murray N.J. (2020), Estimating changes and trends in ecosystem extent with dense time‐series satellite remote sensing. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13520

Hallam C.D., Wintle B.A., Kujala H., Whitehead A.L. and Nicholson, E. (2020), Measuring impacts on species with models and metrics of varying ecological and computational complexity. Conservation Biology doi:10.1111/cobi.13524

Watson, J. E. M., Keith, D. A., Strassburg, B. B. N., Venter, O., Williams, B., & Nicholson, E. (2020). Set a global target for ecosystems. Nature, 578, 360-362.[link]

Stevenson, S.L., Woolley, S.N.C., Barnett, J. and Dunstan, P. (2020), Testing the presence of marine protected areas against their ability to reduce pressures on biodiversity. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13429 [link]


Xiao, H., McDonald-Madden, E., Sabbadin, R., Peyrard, N., Dee, L. E., & Chadès, I. (2019). The value of understanding feedbacks from ecosystem functions to species for managing ecosystems. Nature communications10(1), 1-10. [link]

Xiao, H. (2019). Optimising ecosystem management for biodiversity and ecosystem services using network theory. The University of Queensland. [] [link]

Lee, C.K.F., Williams, P.H. & Pearson, R.G. (2019) Climate change vulnerability higher in arctic than alpine bumblebees. Frontiers of Biogeography 11.[link]

Rowland J.A., Bland L.M., Keith D.A. , Juffe Bignoli D., Burgman M.A., Etter A., Ferrer-Paris J.R., Miller R.M., Skowno A.L. & Nicholson E. (2019) Ecosystem indices to support global biodiversity conservation. Conservation Letters ie12680. [link].

Huang B, Young MA, Carnell PE, Conron S, Ierodiaconou D, Macreadie PI & Nicholson E (2019) Quantifying welfare gains of coastal and estuarine ecosystem rehabilitation for recreational fisheries. Science of the Total Environment, [link].

Jänes H, Macreadie PI, Nicholson E, Ierodioconou D, Reeves S, Taylor MD & Carnell PE (2019) Stable isotopes infer the value of Australia’s coastal vegetated ecosystems from fisheries. Fish & Fisheries, 00, 1– 11. [link]

Bland L, E Nicholson, R Miller, A Andrade, A Etter, J R Ferrer-Paris, T Kontula, A Lindgaard, P Pliscoff, A Skowno, I Zager & D Keith (2019) Impacts of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems on conservation policy and practice. Conservation Letters 12:e12666. [link]

Scroggie M P, Preece K, Nicholson E, McCarthy MA, Parris KM & Heard GW (2019) Optimizing habitat management for amphibians: From simple models to complex decisions. Biological Conservation, 236, 60-69 [link]

La Marca W, Elith J, Firth RSC, Murphy BP, Regan TJ, Woinarski JCZ & Nicholson E (2019). The influence of data source and species distribution modelling method on spatial conservation priorities. Diversity & Distributions, 25, 1060-1073. [link].

Lee C., Keith DA, Nicholson E. & Murray, N. (2019) REDLISTR: Tools for the IUCN Red Lists of Ecosystems and Threatened Species in R. 42, 1050,1055. [link]

Nicholson, E., Fulton, E.A., Brooks, T.M., Blanchard, R., Leadley, P., Metzger, J.P., Mokany, K., Stevenson, S., Wintle, B.A., Woolley, S.N.C., Barnes, M., Watson, J.E.M. & Ferrier, S. (2019) Scenarios and models to support global conservation targets. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34, 57-68 [link, free download preprint and suppl mat Table S1.]

Ryan G, Nicholson E., Eames J., Gray T., Loveridge R., Mahood S., Sum P. & McCarthy M.A. (2019) Simultaneous-count models to estimate abundance from counts of unmarked individuals with imperfect detection. Conservation Biology, 33, 697-708, [link]

Polak T., Nicholson E., Grilo C., Bennett J. & Possingham H.P. (2019) Optimal planning for mitigating the impacts of roads on multiple species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56, 201-213 [link].


Xiao, H., Dee, L. E., Chadès, I., Peyrard, N., Sabbadin, R., Stringer, M., & McDonald‐Madden, E. (2018). Win‐wins for biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation depend on the trophic levels of the species providing services. Journal of applied ecology55(5), 2160-2170 link].

Maciel, EA, Lima, DO, Gullich, RIC (2018) Ensino de ecologia: Concepcoes e estrategias de ensino/Ecology teaching: Teaching concepts and strategies. Vidya (Santa Maria Online). In press.†

Doherty, T.S., Bland, L.M., Bryan, B.A., Neale, T., Nicholson, E., Ritchie, E.G. & Driscoll, D.A. (2018) Expanding the role of targets in conservation policy. Trends in ecology & evolution33, 11, 809-812 [link].

Geyle H., Guillera-Arroita G., Davies H., Firth R., Woinarski J., Murphy B., Nimmo D., Ritchie E. & Nicholson E. (2018) Towards meaningful monitoring: a case study of a threatened rodent. Austral Ecology, 44, 2, 223-236. [link].

Bland, L.M., Watermeyer, K.E., Keith, D.A., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J. & Shannon, L.J. (2018) Assessing risks to marine ecosystems with indicators, ecosystem models and experts. Biological Conservation, 227, 19-28. [link]. [blog]

Polak T., Nicholson E., Grilo C., Bennett J. & Possingham H.P. (2018) Optimal planning for mitigating the impacts of roads on multiple species. Journal of Applied Ecology. [link]

Rowland, J.A., Nicholson, E., Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Lester, R.E. & Bland, L.M. (2018) Selecting and applying indicators of ecosystem collapse for risk assessments. Conservation Biology, 32, 1233-1245. [link]

Lima, D. O., Lorini, M. L., & Vieira, M. V. (2018). Conservation of grasslands and savannas: a meta-analysis on mammalian responses to anthropogenic disturbance. Journal for Nature Conservation. [link]

Alves, RJV.,Weksler, M, Oliveira, JA., Buckup, PA., Pombal, J P., Jr., Santana, Helcio R. G., Werneck, Jane M. C. F., Vilela, Roberto, Peracchi, Adriano Lucio, Kellner, Alexander W. A., Aleixo, Alexandre, Albernaz, Ana Luisa Viana, Pedro L., Bonino, Alfredo Ricardo L., Pinto, Pedro C. E. A., De Almeida, Alzira Maria P., Ribas, Camila C., Hopkins, Michael J. G., Zilberberg, Carla, Grelle, Carlos Eduardo V., Nessimian, Jorge Luiz, Vieira, Marcus Vinicius, Silva, Rui C., Da Rocha, Carlos Frederico D., Lamas, Carlos Jose E., Silveira, Luis Fabio, Da Silva, Marcelo D. ,Tavares, Marcos D. S., Menezes, Naercio A., Haddad, Celio Fernando B., Bonvicino, Cibele R. Prado, Cynthia P. A., Lima, D.O, Rossa-Feres, Denise C., Dos Santos, Fabricio R. Perini, Fernando A (2018). Brazilian legislation on genetic heritage harms Biodiversity Convention goals and threatens basic biology research and education. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 90(2), 1279 – 1284. [link].

Bland L., Regan, T.J., Keith, D., Murray, N., Rodriguez, J.P., Rowland, J., Linn, M., Lester, R. and Nicholson, E. (in press). Developing a standardized definition of ecosystem collapse for risk assessment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
[link, pdf on Researchgate]

Driscoll, D.A., Bland, L.M., Bryan, B.A., Newsome, T.M., Nicholson, E., Ritchie, E.G. & Doherty, T.S. (2018) A biodiversity-crisis hierarchy to evaluate and refine conservation indicators. Nature Ecology & Evolution [link]

Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Ferrari, R., Lyons, M.B., Lucas, R., Pettorelli, N. & Nicholson, E. (2018). The role of remote sensing in structured assessments of ecosystem status. Science of the Total Environment, 619, 249-257 [link]

Navarro, L.M., Fernández, N., Guerra, C., Guralnick, R., Kissling, W.D., Londoño, M.C., Muller-Karger, F., Turak, E., Balvanera, P., Costello, M.J., Delavaud, A., El Serafy, G.Y., Ferrier, S., Geijzendorffer, I., Geller, G.N., Jetz, W., Kim, E.-S., Kim, H., Martin, C.S., McGeoch, M.A., Mwampamba, T.H., Nel, J.L., Nicholson, E., Pettorelli, N., Schaepman, M.E., Skidmore, A., Sousa Pinto, I., Vergara, S., Vihervaara, P., Xu, H., Yahara, T., Gill, M. & Pereira, H.M. (2017) Monitoring biodiversity change through effective global coordination. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 29, 158-169 [link].

Watermeyer KE, Jarre A, Shannon LJ, Mulumba P, Botha J. 2018. A frame-based modelling approach to understanding changes in the distribution and abundance of sardine and anchovy in the southern Benguela. Ecological Modelling 371 (2018): 1-17 [Link]

Jarre, A., Shannon, L.J., Cooper, R., Duggan, G.L., Gammage, L.C., Lockerbie, E.M., McGregor, E.S., Ragaller, S.M., Visser, N., Ward, C., Watermeyer, K.E., Weller, F.G., Ommer, R.E., 2018. Untangling a Gordian knot that must not be cut: Social-ecological systems research for management of southern Benguela fisheries. J. Mar. Syst. 1–11 [Link]


Bland, L.M., Regan, T.J., Dinh, M.N., Ferrari, R., Keith, D.A., Lester, R., Mouillot, D., Murray, N.J., Nguyen, H.A. & Nicholson, E. (2017) Using multiple lines of evidence to assess the risk of ecosystem collapse. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 [link]

Pettorelli, N., Schulte to Bühne, H., Tulloch, A., Dubois, G., Macinnis-Ng, C., Queirós, A.M., Keith, D.A., Wegmann, M., Schrodt, F., Stellmes, M., Sonnenschein, R., Geller, G.N., Roy, S., Somers, B., Murray, N., Bland, L., Geijzendorffer, I., Kerr, J.T., Broszeit, S., Leitão, P.J., Duncan, C., El Serafy, G., He, K.S., Blanchard, J.L., Lucas, R., Mairota, P., Webb, T.J. & Nicholson, E (2017) Satellite remote sensing of ecosystem functions: opportunities, challenges and way forward. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, in press [link]

Bland, L.M., 2017. Global correlates of extinction risk in freshwater crayfish. Animal Conservation [link].

Darrah, S.E., Bland, L.M., Bachman, S.P., Clubbe, C.P. and Trias‐Blasi, A., 2017. Using coarse‐scale species distribution data to predict extinction risk in plants. Diversity and Distributions23(4), pp.435-447 [link].

Bland, L.M., Bielby, J., Kearney, S., Orme, C.D.L., Watson, J.E. and Collen, B., 2017. Toward reassessing data‐deficient species. Conservation Biology31(3), pp.531-539 [link].

Griffiths, S.R., Rowland, J.A., Briscoe, N.J., Lentini, P.E., Handasyde, K.A., Lumsden, L.F. and Robert, K.A. (2017) Surface reflectance drives nest box temperature profiles and thermal suitability for target wildlife. PLOS ONE [link]

Rowland, J.A,Briscoe, N.J. and Handasyde, K.A. (2017) Comparing the thermal suitability of nest-boxes and tree-hollows for conservation-management of arboreal marsupials. Biological Conservation, 209, 341-348 [link]

Vince, J., Brierley, E., Stevenson, S. & Dunstan, P. 2017. Ocean governance in the South Pacific region: Progress and plans for action. Marine Policy, 79, 40-45 [link].

Lee, C. K. F., Duncan, C., Owen, H. J. F., & Pettorelli, N. (2017). A New Framework to Assess Relative Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change. Conservation Letters. [link]

Bunnefeld, N., Nicholson, E., & Milner-Gulland, E. (Eds.). (2017). Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938 [link]

Nicholson, E., Fulton, E., & Collen, B. (2017). Linking Biodiversity Indicators with Global Conservation Policy. In N. Bunnefeld, E. Nicholson, & E. Milner-Gulland (Eds.), Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches (Conservation Biology, pp. 182-195). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316135938.009 (email for pdf)

Burgass, M.J., Halpern, B.S., Nicholson, E. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2017) Navigating uncertainty in environmental composite indicators. Ecological Indicators, 75, 268-278 [link]

Davies, H.F., McCarthy, M.A., Firth, R.S.C., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Gillespie, G.R., Andersen, A.N., Geyle, H.M., Nicholson, E. & Murphy, B.P. (2017) Top-down control of species distributions: feral cats driving the regional extinction of a threatened rodent in northern Australia. Diversity and Distributions, in press [link].

Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez, J.P. & Bedward, M. (2017) The use of range size to assess risks to biodiversity from stochastic threats. Diversity and Distributions, 23(5):474-483 [link].

Southwell D., Tingley R., Bode M., Nicholson E. & Phillips B. (2017) Cost and feasibility of a barrier to halt the spread of invasive cane toads in arid Australia: incorporating expert knowledge into model-based decision-making. Journal of Applied Ecology: 54, 216–224 [link]


Lima, D. O., Pinho, G. M., & Fernandez, F. A. S. (2016). Spatial patterns of the semi-aquatic rodent Nectomys squamipes in Atlantic forest streams. Journal of Natural History, 50(7 – 8), 1 – 15.

Ferrera, TS, Siveris, SE, Matsdorff, DL, Lima, D.O. (2016) A Educação Ambiental através de slogans. Revista de Ensino de Biologia da Associação Brasileira de Ensino de Biologia/Environmental Education through slogans. Journal of Biology Teaching of the Association of Biology Teaching (SBENBio), v. 9, p. 4701-4709.

Walczak, AT, Siveris, SE, Lima, D.O., Menezes, EG, Bervian, PV (2016) Educação Ambiental com enfoque aos recursos hídricos. Revista de Ensino de Biologia da Associação Brasileira de Ensino de Biologia/ Environmental Education with a focus on water resources. Journal of Biology Teaching of the Association of Biology Teaching (SBENBio), v. 9, p. 7609-7620.

Watermeyer, K.E., Hutchings, L., Jarre, A. and Shannon, L.J., 2016. Patterns of distribution and spatial indicators of ecosystem change based on key species in the Southern Benguela. PloS one11(7), p.e0158734 [link].

Bland, L.M. and Böhm, M., 2016. Overcoming data deficiency in reptiles. Biological Conservation204, pp.16-22 [link].

Bland, L. and Collen, B., 2016. Species loss: lack of data leaves a gap. Nature537(7621), pp.488-488 [link].

Beattie, A., Bland, L., Collen, B. and Schiermeier, Q., 2016. Research Highlights Ecology: Rats and cats drive extinctions. Conservation biology.

Böhm, M., Williams, R., Bramhall, H.R., McMillan, K.M., Davidson, A.D., Garcia, A., Bland, L.M., Bielby, J. and Collen, B., 2016. Correlates of extinction risk in squamate reptiles: the relative importance of biology, geography, threat and range size. Global Ecology and Biogeography25(4), pp.391-405 [link].

Murray, N.J., Miller, R.M., Zager, I., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Esteves, R., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A. and Rodríguez, J.P., 2016. Introduction to the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria: course manual [link].

Bland, L.M., Keith, D.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J. and Rodríguez, J.P., 2016. Guidelines for the application of IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria, version 1.0. Gland, Switzerland [link].

Costelloe B.T., Collen B., Milner-Gulland E.J., Craigie I.D., McRae L., Rondinini C. & Nicholson E. (2016) Global biodiversity indicators reflect the modelled impacts of protected area policy change. Conservation Letters, 9 (1): 14-20 [link].

Wallace APC, Jones JPG, Milner-Gulland E.J., Wallace GE, Young R & Nicholson E (2016) Drivers of the Distribution of Fisher Effort at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. Human Ecology: 1-13 [link]

Collen B., McRae L., Nicholson E., Craigie I.D., Milner-Gulland E.J., Loh J. & Whitmee S. (2016). Species population trends in protected areas. In: Protected areas: are they safeguarding biodiversity? (eds. Joppa L., Robinson J. & Baillie J.E.M.). pp 105-121. Wiley-Blackwell Cambridge, United Kingdom [link].


Nicholson E. (2015) Accounting for career breaks. Science, 348, 830 [link]

Wallace APC, Milner-Gulland E.J., Jones JPG, Bunnefeld N, Young R & Nicholson E (2015) Quantifying the short-term costs of conservation interventions for fishers at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar. PLoS One, 10(6): e0129440 [link]

Bland, L.M., Orme, C.D.L., Bielby, J., Collen, B., Nicholson, E. & McCarthy, M.A. (2015) Cost-effective assessment of extinction risk with limited information. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12459. [link]

Nicholson E., Regan T.J., Auld T.D., Burns E., Chisholm L.A., English V., Harris S., Harrison P., Kingsford R.T., Leishman M.R., Metcalfe D.J., Pisanu P., Watson C.J., White M., White M.D., Williams R.J., Wilson B. & Keith D.A. (2015). Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology40 (4): 347–363 [link], part of a special issue, Ecosystem risk assessment.

Keith, D.A., Rodríguez, J.P., Brooks, T.M., Burgman, M.A., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L., Comer, P.J., Franklin, J., Link, J., McCarthy, M.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J., Nel, J., Nicholson, E., Olivera-Miranda, M.A., Regan, T.J., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Rouget, M. & Spalding, M.D. (2015) The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: motivations, challenges and applications. Conservation letters, in press [link].

Rodríguez, J.P., Keith, D.A., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Murray, N.J., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.J., Miller, R.M., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L.M., Boe, K., Brooks, T.M., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A., Spalding, M. & Wit, P. (2015) A practical guide to the application of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society B, 370: 20140003, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0003 [link].


Collen B. & Nicholson E. (2014). Taking the measure of change. Science, 346, 166-167 [link]

Bland, L. M., Collen, B., Orme, C. D. L. and Bielby, J. (2014) Predicting the conservation status of Data Deficient species, Conservation Biology (early view).

Nicholson E., Regan T.J., Auld T.D., Burns E., Chisholm L.A., English V., Harris S., Harrison P., Kingsford R.T., Leishman M.R., Metcalfe D.J., Pisanu P., Watson C.J., White M., White M.D., Williams R.J., Wilson B. & Keith D.A. (2014). Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology, in press [link].

Whitehead A.L., Kujala H., Ives C.D., Gordon A., Lentini P.E., Wintle B.A., Nicholson E. & Raymond C.R. (2014) Integrating biological and social values when prioritizing places for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology28 (4): 992–1003 [link]

Blamey, L.K., Shannon, L.J., Bolton, J.J., Crawford, R.J., Dufois, F., Evers-King, H., Griffiths, C.L., Hutchings, L., Jarre, A., Rouault, M. and Watermeyer, K.E., 2015. Ecosystem change in the southern Benguela and the underlying processes. Journal of Marine Systems144, pp.9-29 [link].

Moloney, C.L., Fennessy, S.T., Gibbons, M.J., Roychoudhury, A., Shillington, F.A., Von der Heyden, B.P. and Watermeyer, K., 2013. Reviewing evidence of marine ecosystem change off South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science35(3), pp.427-448 [link].


Keith D.A., Rodríguez J.P., Rodríguez-Clark K.M., Nicholson E., Aapala K., Alonso A., Asmussen M., Bachman S., Bassett A., Barrow E.G., Benson J.S., Bishop M.J., Bonifacio R., Brooks T.M., Burgman M.A., Comer P., Comín F.A., Essl F., Faber-Langendoen D., Fairweather P.G., Holdaway R.J., Jennings M., Kingsford R.T., Lester R.E., Mac Nally R., McCarthy M.A., Moat J., Oliveira-Miranda M.A., Pisanu P., Poulin B., Regan T.J., Riecken U., Spalding M.D. & Zambrano-Martínez S. (2013) Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. PLoS ONE, 8(5): e62111 [link]

Nicholson E., Lindenmayer D.B., Frank K. & Possingham H.P. (2013). Testing the focal species approach to conservation planning for species persistence. Diversity and Distributions, 19 (5-6): 530–540 [link]

Ponce-Reyes, R., Nicholson, E., Baxter, P., Fuller, R.A. & Possingham, H.P. (2013) Extinction risk in cloud forest fragments under climate change and habitat loss. Diversity & Distributions, 19 (5-6): 518–529 [link].


Bland, L. M., Collen, B., Orme, C. D. L. and Bielby, J. (2012) Data uncertainty and the selectivity of extinction risk in freshwater invertebrates, Diversity & Distributions 18(12) 1211-1220.

Nicholson, E., Collen, B., Barausse, A., Blanchard, J. L., Costelloe, B. T., Sullivan, K. M. E., Underwood, F. M., Burn, R. W., Fritz, S., Jones, J. P. G., McRae, L., Possingham, H. P. & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2012) Robust policy decisions with global biodiversity indicators. PLoS One, 7(7): e41128 [link]

Rodríguez, J. P., K. M. Rodríguez-Clark, D. A. Keith, E. G. Barrow, J. Benson, E. Nicholson and P. Wit (2012) IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. S.A.P.I.EN.S [Online] 5.2

Schlüter M., McAllister R.R.J., Arlinghaus R., Bunnefeld N., Eisenack K., Hölker F., Milner-Gulland E.J., Müller B., Nicholson E., Quaas M. & Stöven M. (2012). New horizons for managing the environment: A review of coupled social-ecological systems modeling. Natural Resource Modeling, 25 (1), 219-272 [link].


Gibbons J.M., Nicholson E., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Jones J.P.G. (2011). Should payments for biodiversity conservation be based on action or results? Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 1218-1226 [link].

De Ornellas P., Milner-Gulland E.J. & Nicholson E. (2011). The impact of data realities on conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 144, 1980–1988 [link].

Rodriguez J.P., Rodriguez-Clark K.M., Baillie J.E.M., Ash N., Benson J., Boucher T., Brown C., Burgess N., Collen B., Jennings M., Keith D.A., Nicholson E., Revenga C., Reyers B., Rouget M., Smith T., Spalding M., Taber A., Walpole M., Zager I. & Zamin T. (2011). Establishing IUCN Red List Criteria for threatened ecosystems. Conservation Biology, 25, 21-29. [link]


Lima, D. O., Azambuja, B. O., Camilotti, V. L., & Cáceres, N. C. (2010). Small mammal community structure and microhabitat use in the austral boundary of the Atlantic forest, Brazil. Zoologia, 27(1), 99 – 105.

Lima, D. O., & Behr, E. R. (2010). Ecologia trofica de Pachyurus bonariensis Steindachner, 1879 (Sciaenidae: Perciformes) no Rio Ibicui, sul do Brasil: variacoes ontogeneticas, sazonais e espaciais/Feeding ecology of Pachyurus bonariensis Steindachner, 1879 (Sciaenidae: Perciformes) in the Ibicui river, Southern Brazil: ontogenetic, seasonal and spatial variations. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 70(3), 503 – 509.

Jones J.P.G., Collen B., Atkinson G., Baxter P., Bubb P., Illian J., Katzner T., Keane A., Loh J., Macdonald-Madden E., Nicholson E., Pereira H., Possingham H.P., Pullin A., Rodrigues A.S.L., Viviana Ruiz-Gutierrez V., Sommerville M. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2010). The why, what and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 Target. Conservation Biology, 25, 450–457. [link]

Guillera-Arroita G., Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Monitoring and conservation of the critically endangered Alaotran gentle lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 5, 29-35 [link]

Guillera-Arroita, G., Lahoz-Monfort, J.J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Young, R.P. & Nicholson, E. (2010) Evaluating occupancy for monitoring the Critically Endangered Alaotran gentle lemur (Hapalemur alaotrensis). Endangered Species Research, 11:157-166 [link].

Hays, G.C., Fossette, S., Katselidis, K.A., Schofield, G. & Gravenor, M.B. (2010) Breeding periodicity for male sea turtles, operational sex ratios, and implications in the face of climate change. Conservation Biology, 24(6), 1636-1643 doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01531.x. [link]

Lahoz-Monfort J.J., Guillera-Arroita G., Milner-Gulland E.J., Young R.P. & Nicholson E. (2010). Satellite imagery as a single source of predictor variables for habitat suitability modelling: how Landsat can inform the conservation of a critically endangered lemur. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 1094-1102. [link]


Pinho, G.M., Lima, D.O., Costa, P.N, Fernandez, F (2009). Epicrates cenchria (Brazilian Rainbow Boa) diet. Herpetological Review, v. 40, p. 354-355.

Nicholson E., Mace G.M., Armsworth P.R., Atkinson G., Buckle S., Clements T., Ewers R.M., Fa J.E., Gardner T.A., Gibbons J., Grenyer R., Metcalfe R., Mourato S., Muuls M., Osborn D., Reuman D.C., Watson C. & Milner-Gulland E.J. (2009). Priority research areas for ecosystem services in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1139-1144.[link]

Nicholson E., D. A. Keith, and D. S. Wilcove (2009) Assessing the threat status of ecological communities. Conservation Biology, 23 (2): 259-274. [link]

Nicholson E.& O. Ovaskainen (2009) Conservation prioritization using metapopulation models. pp 110-121, in Spatial conservation prioritisation: quantitative methods and computational tools (eds. Moilanen A, Possingham HP & Wilson KA). Oxford University Press, Oxford. [email for a pdf]


Beissinger, S., E. Nicholson & H.P. Possingham (2008) Application of population viability analysis to landscape conservation planning. In: Models For Planning Wildlife Conservation In Large Landscapes (eds. Millspaugh JJ & Thompson FR). Elsevier Science, The Netherlands [email for a pdf]


Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2007) Making conservation decisions under uncertainty for the persistence of multiple species. Ecological Applications 17 (1): 251-265. [link]

Possingham, H. P., and E. Nicholson (2007). Principles of landscape design that emerge from a formal problem-solving approach. Pages 520-535 in D. B. Lindenmayer, and R. J. Hobbs, editors. Managing and designing landscapes for conservation: moving from perspectives to principles. Blackwell, Malden, MA. [email for a pdf]


de Moraes Weber, M., Cáceres, N. C., Lima, D. O., Camilotti, V. L., Roman, C., & Neto, L. T. (2006). Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Platyrrhinus lineatus: range expansion to the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Check List, Journal of Species List and Distribution, 2(3), 96-98.

Nicholson E. & H. P. Possingham (2006) Objectives for multiple species conservation planning. Conservation Biology 20 (3): 871-881. [link]

Nicholson E., M. I. Westphal, K. Frank , W. A. Rochester, R. L. Pressey, D. Lindenmayer & H. P. Possingham (2006) A new method for conservation planning for the persistence of multiple species. Ecology Letters 9 (9): 1049-1060. [link]

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